HOME Government - Law Foreign Governments

CATEGORIES

TODAY IN HISTORY

    TELEPHONE SWITCHBOARD
    January 17, 1882 - Chicago, Illinois, U.S.A.

    A telephone switchboard was issued a U.S. patent to Leroy Firman of Chicago, Illinois (No. 252,576), which was assigned to the Western Electric Manufacturing Co. Also of Chicago. With his invention of a “multiple switchboard for telephone exchanges,” Firman addressed the problem of increasing numbers of subscribers. Previously, single switchboards, each with an attendant, served their group of individual lines. A large exchange was thus divided up into a number of internal exchange switchboards which were worked together as necessary, with trunk lines between the boards. Firman devised an arrangement to handle an exchange of a thousand or more subscribers with line status information exchanged between switchmen.

    PUNCHBOARDS
    January 17, 1905 - Chicago, Illinois, U.S.A.

    The first U.S. patent was issued for a punchboard to Charles A. Brewer and Clinton G. Scannell of Chicago, Illinois, described as “vending devices.” They were manufactured by Charles A. Brewer & Sons in the same city. (No. 780,086). Even though the equivalent of punchboards had been around for many years, they had never been available in such a neat and portable form. The invention of board stuffing machines and ticket folding and plaiting machines in the late 1910s was probably the key factor which allowed the punchboard industry to flourish. Once the boards became cheap to manufacture, they flooded the country. Noted gambling author John Scarne estimates that 30 million punchboards were sold in 1910-15.

MEMBER LOGIN

RANDOM QUOTES

  • The wealth of the nation
    by Earth Day, Gaylord Nelson

    "...The wealth of the nation is its air, water, soil, forests, minerals, rivers, lakes, oceans, scenic beauty, wildlife habitats and biodiversity that'as all there is. That'as the whole economy. That'as where all the economic activity and jobs come from. These biological systems are the sustaining wealth of the world...."
  • Until a man duplicates a blade of grass
    by Earth Day, Thomas Alva Edison Inventor

    "...Until a man duplicates a blade of grass, Nature can laugh at his so-called scientific knowledge. Remedies from chemicals will never stand in favorable comparison with the products of Nature, the living cell of a plant, the final result of the rays of the sun, the mother of all life...."

RANDOM FACTS

  • Harvard Medical School
    about Eyesight Myth and Fact

    Myth: Staring at a computer screen all day is harmful to the eyes. Fact: Spending the day staring at a screen can tire or strain your eyes, but it will not hurt them. Make sure lighting doesn't create a glare on your screen. When spending long periods at your keyboard, take a break now and then to rest your eyes to reduce fatigue. Also, don't forget to blink. Your eyes need to stay lubricated to feel comfortable. Salary
    about Steve Jobs

    Steve Jobs' annual salary was $1, just enough to keep company health benefits.

Foreign Governments :

Choose Your Color :

Category Information : Foreign Governments

This is our Foreign Governments category. If you are interested in Foreign Governments, feel free to browse these listings. If you have a site that fits within this category, Submit it for inclusion.

SUB-CATEGORIES :

FEATURED ARTICLE LISTINGS :

The course of the River Thames as we know it today was created about 10,000 years ago, by melt water from the ice-sheets that covered much of the United Kingdom during the last ice-age...

There is no news in this category!
There are no links in this category! Add a Link listing today!
There are no articles in this category! Add an article listing today!

Featured Link Listings (random) :

A random section of our Featured link listings :
Website preview thumbnail for : My Guardians
My Guardians provide UK Guardianship Services & advice to parents & children worldwide on how to obtain guardianship & schooling in the UK.
http://myguardians.co.uk
Website preview thumbnail for : Aviva Directory
A paid general website directory with everything from arts and literature to news, articles, and links about travel listed.
http://www.avivadirectory.com
Website preview thumbnail for : Branded Basics
A leader of Urban Connection provide Mens Tall Tees Shirts, Tall T-Shirts, Hip Hop Tshirts, Urban Tees, Tall Tshirts, Long T-Shirts, Long tees, Polo Shirt in USA from Brandedbasics.
http://www.brandedbasics.com
Website preview thumbnail for : Vegas Horseback Tours
Find the lowest prices on Las Vegas horseback tours at Vegas Horseback Tours. Choose from a wide variety of Las Vegas Horseback Tours including breakfast, lunch, dinner and overnight rides. Book yo...
http://www.vegashorsebacktours.com

Video Listings :

A selction of listings chosen randomly that contain embedded videos.

Featured Article Listings (random) :

A random section of our Featured Article listings :
The course of the River Thames as we know it today was created about 10,000 years ago, by melt water from the ice-sheets that covered much of the United Kingdom during the last ice-age...
A whipsaw is a representation of profit-taking going on in the market.
No matter what else you are doing from cradle days through to the end, You're writing your Life's secret story, Each night sees another page penned.
Just a line to say I'm living, That I'm not among the dead Though I'm getting more forgetful And more mixed up in the head.

Title for tab4 content :

What to you want here?