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TODAY IN HISTORY

    FIRST U.S. X-RAY MACHINE EXHIBITION ???
    January 18, 1896 - New York City, U.S.A.

    An x-ray machine was not exhibited at Casino Chambers, New York City, though some sources state it was. The news of Wilhelm Röntgen's discovery of the astonishingly penetrating X-rays had only been revealed to the world earlier in the month. So, riding on the wave of that publicity, the Cabaret du Neant opened, charging 25 cents admission to see the “Parisian sensation.” What the audiences actually saw was only a theatrical illusion of an x-ray image using only magic lantern techniques and the Peppers Ghost effect. No actual x-ray equipment was used. However, just a few days earlier, the first X-ray photograph in the U.S. has been credited were taken by Dr. Henry Lewis Smith in Davidson, N.C., on 12 Jan 1896. He had acted very quickly, as Röntgen made his discovery on 8 Nov 1895, announced it on 1 Jan 1896, and the first newspaper report, in Austria, was on 5 Jan 1896.

    SOLAR CELLS
    January 18, 1994 - U.S. Department of Energy

    The U.S. Department of Energy announced production of solar panels giving nearly twice the efficiency of existing panels. Made by United Solar Systems of Troy, Mich., these amorphous silicon submodule (1 ft2) panels converted 10.2% of solar energy into electricity, as compared to 6% previously possible. This was possible by using new thin-film photovoltaic technology. The company has subsequently produced flexible solar shingles based on thin film photovoltaics that can permit the roofs of ordinary commercial and residential buildings to evolve from simply providing protection from the weather to becoming a source of much-needed electric power.

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RANDOM QUOTES

  • Until a man duplicates a blade of grass
    by Earth Day, Thomas Alva Edison Inventor

    "...Until a man duplicates a blade of grass, Nature can laugh at his so-called scientific knowledge. Remedies from chemicals will never stand in favorable comparison with the products of Nature, the living cell of a plant, the final result of the rays of the sun, the mother of all life...."
  • Rules for Happiness
    by Immanuel Kant

    "...Rules for Happiness: Something to do, Someone to love, Something to hope for...."

RANDOM FACTS

  • More vehicles
    about Stolen On New Year's

    More vehicles are stolen on New Year's Day than any other holiday throughout the year. (So does that mean thieves are having their last fling before changing their ways or are they trying for a big score to start the New Year?) Harvard Medical School
    about Eyesight Myth and Fact

    Myth: Staring at a computer screen all day is harmful to the eyes. Fact: Spending the day staring at a screen can tire or strain your eyes, but it will not hurt them. Make sure lighting doesn't create a glare on your screen. When spending long periods at your keyboard, take a break now and then to rest your eyes to reduce fatigue. Also, don't forget to blink. Your eyes need to stay lubricated to feel comfortable.

Evaluating A Roof Repair :

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Evaluating A Roofing Replacement:

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Having the opportunity to estimate the amount that it may cost to replace a roof is often a fragile calculation. For a roofing contractor, they often keep in mind various factors directly to ensure about whether or not a straightforward repair needs to be done, or total replacement.

Usually, a roof should last more than two decades. The longevity of the roof is usually dependent on how well it was actually maintained over the years. Climatic conditions can also be a factor.

For example, water can get underneath shingles after which become ice. This may cause leaks, plus a considerable amount of damage. When the sun is especially intense, it can cause shingles to blister.

If your roof does find yourself needing to be replaced, step one will be to have a contractor measure your entire home. They'll measure the time no matter what the roofing system by its height up to the peak. They'll determine the length of time the whole system's ridges are, and decide how much of the cover needs to be replaced.

The entire roofing structure is calculated in squares which equals 100 ft² or 10 feet times 10 feet. For instance, a 1400 ft roof would contain 14 roofing squares. While these square help contractors to figure out their pricing estimate, other reasons, like costs of tearing off the present roof, should also be calculated.

Determining the number of squares on any roof aids the homeowner after they try to figure out what their most suitable choice is in relation to replacements. However, its not all roof is strong enough to accommodate all kinds of roofing material. The weight of an asphalt shingle is considerably less when compared to a concrete tile, and to discover the roofing system may not be devised to handle the extra weight.

The total price in estimating the price of a roof replacement is usually highly depending on the amount that the roofing contractors charge per square. That is why you will need to receive at least 3 - 4 bids from reputable contractors in the community. Further, they'll have the opportunity to try your roof, discover your material preferences, and come up with a reasonable estimate of the volume of a brand new roof shall be cost.

Understand that its not all factors of a roofing replacement can be found up front. For instance, there could be a damage besides the substrate, or a pest problem. However, based upon just how much a contractor charges per square in addition to materials chosen, the homeowner can certainly estimate how much it may cost to swap out the roof.

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