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TODAY IN HISTORY

    PUNCHBOARDS
    January 17, 1905 - Chicago, Illinois, U.S.A.

    The first U.S. patent was issued for a punchboard to Charles A. Brewer and Clinton G. Scannell of Chicago, Illinois, described as “vending devices.” They were manufactured by Charles A. Brewer & Sons in the same city. (No. 780,086). Even though the equivalent of punchboards had been around for many years, they had never been available in such a neat and portable form. The invention of board stuffing machines and ticket folding and plaiting machines in the late 1910s was probably the key factor which allowed the punchboard industry to flourish. Once the boards became cheap to manufacture, they flooded the country. Noted gambling author John Scarne estimates that 30 million punchboards were sold in 1910-15.

    TELEPHONE SWITCHBOARD
    January 17, 1882 - Chicago, Illinois, U.S.A.

    A telephone switchboard was issued a U.S. patent to Leroy Firman of Chicago, Illinois (No. 252,576), which was assigned to the Western Electric Manufacturing Co. Also of Chicago. With his invention of a “multiple switchboard for telephone exchanges,” Firman addressed the problem of increasing numbers of subscribers. Previously, single switchboards, each with an attendant, served their group of individual lines. A large exchange was thus divided up into a number of internal exchange switchboards which were worked together as necessary, with trunk lines between the boards. Firman devised an arrangement to handle an exchange of a thousand or more subscribers with line status information exchanged between switchmen.

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  • Until a man duplicates a blade of grass
    by Earth Day, Thomas Alva Edison Inventor

    "...Until a man duplicates a blade of grass, Nature can laugh at his so-called scientific knowledge. Remedies from chemicals will never stand in favorable comparison with the products of Nature, the living cell of a plant, the final result of the rays of the sun, the mother of all life...."
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    by Meredith Grey

    "...Change; we don't like it, we fear it, but we can't stop it from coming. We either adapt to change, or we get left behind. It hurts to grow, anybody who tells you it doesn't is lying. But here's the truth: Sometimes the more things change, the more they stay the same. And sometimes, oh, sometimes change is good. Sometimes change is everything...."

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  • Cancer Facts & Figures
    about Besides Lung Cancer

    Besides lung cancer, tobacco use also increases the risk for cancers of the mouth, lips, nasal cavity (nose) and sinuses, larynx (voice box), pharynx (throat), esophagus (swallowing tube), stomach, pancreas, kidney, bladder, uterus, cervix, colon/rectum, ovary (mucinous), and acute myeloid leukemia. Salary
    about Steve Jobs

    Steve Jobs' annual salary was $1, just enough to keep company health benefits.

Search Engines and Directories :

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Search engine is the term with which we are accustomed with very much. But the web directory is not that same. The web directories are older than search engines according to the time of their invention.

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Search engine is the term with which we are accustomed with very much. But the web directory is not that same. The web directories are older than search engines according to the time of their invention. There are some similarities and some differences between search engines and web directories. Web directories were present before the invention of search engine. The popularity of web directories were also came before the search engines. Web directories are nothing but a directory form where different types of resources and information are gathered by human hand. The resources are here various kinds of link which are arranged according to their names. It can be arranged alphabetically, name wise and differently. It is exactly like a directory setting where various collections of links to various site are collected or arranged maintaining some attributes and qualities. Web directories offer a search but it is not like the search of a search engine.

If the search directories do not offer the search facility of some kind then it would be completely impossible to browse thousands of pages for computers. But it can not be a search engine in two ways. Fundamentally most web directories are different from search engines as directories are edited by humans and URLs here are not collected by spiders but they are submitted by the site owners. The main advantage of Web directories is that no matter how clever spiders become, when there is a human to view and check the pages, there is a lesser chance that pages will be classified in the wrong categories. And the disadvantage with this difference is that the lists in web directories are sometime outdated because if there is no human being to edit and submit the directories then it will be outdated.

You have to edit and check the submission unless it will be not working. But this is not that bad because search engines also deliver pages that do not exist anymore. And the other disadvantage with it is that sometimes you might have to wait half a year before being included in a search directory. Mainly these differences are occurred because it is not automatically maintained or mechanically maintained. On the other hand the search engines are automatically maintained with out any help of human hand. As in web directories there is no hand of spiders that is why anyone should go there and submit the URLs to the search directories. The job of search engines is much easy and automatic but the job of web directories is not automatic but manually done. Once you are included in a particular directory, in most cases you can stay there as long as you wish to and wait for people and search engines to find you. The fact that a link to your site appears in a respectable Web directory is good because first, it is a backlink and second, you increase your visibility for spiders, which in turn raises your chance to be indexed by them.

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