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    TELEPHONE SWITCHBOARD
    January 17, 1882 - Chicago, Illinois, U.S.A.

    A telephone switchboard was issued a U.S. patent to Leroy Firman of Chicago, Illinois (No. 252,576), which was assigned to the Western Electric Manufacturing Co. Also of Chicago. With his invention of a “multiple switchboard for telephone exchanges,” Firman addressed the problem of increasing numbers of subscribers. Previously, single switchboards, each with an attendant, served their group of individual lines. A large exchange was thus divided up into a number of internal exchange switchboards which were worked together as necessary, with trunk lines between the boards. Firman devised an arrangement to handle an exchange of a thousand or more subscribers with line status information exchanged between switchmen.

    PUNCHBOARDS
    January 17, 1905 - Chicago, Illinois, U.S.A.

    The first U.S. patent was issued for a punchboard to Charles A. Brewer and Clinton G. Scannell of Chicago, Illinois, described as “vending devices.” They were manufactured by Charles A. Brewer & Sons in the same city. (No. 780,086). Even though the equivalent of punchboards had been around for many years, they had never been available in such a neat and portable form. The invention of board stuffing machines and ticket folding and plaiting machines in the late 1910s was probably the key factor which allowed the punchboard industry to flourish. Once the boards became cheap to manufacture, they flooded the country. Noted gambling author John Scarne estimates that 30 million punchboards were sold in 1910-15.

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  • Drug Abuse
    about Facts about Drugs

    Facts about drugs can protect against drug abuse. Legal drugs, such as alcohol and tobacco, kill more people than illegal drugs. Tobacco (smoking cigarettes) kills more people than any other drug. Illegal drugs including heroin, cannabis, ecstasy and amphetamines can have unknown or dangerous ingredients. Mixing drugs, especially with alcohol, can be fatal. Cancer Facts & Figures
    about Besides Lung Cancer

    Besides lung cancer, tobacco use also increases the risk for cancers of the mouth, lips, nasal cavity (nose) and sinuses, larynx (voice box), pharynx (throat), esophagus (swallowing tube), stomach, pancreas, kidney, bladder, uterus, cervix, colon/rectum, ovary (mucinous), and acute myeloid leukemia.

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Are you one of the numerous smokers looking to quit? Or do you have a close friend or family member struggling with this issue? If so, have you heard of E-Cigarettes?

Electronic Cigarettes or E-Cigarettes work on the concept of nicotine vaporization, instead of combustion. Research has suggested that e-cigarettes can be up to 60% more useful in smoking cessation as compared to nicotine replacement therapies like nicotine patches or gum. Often smokers face terrible withdrawal symptoms due to nicotine addiction and simply fail to quit even after multiple attempts. Vaping not only helps you cope with nicotine addiction, it also mimics the experience of smoking. Thus you experience the feeling of an analog cigarette, and can eventually quit smoking this way.

Very few people can just go ahead and quit cold turkey. You may become moody, anxious, irritated or fail to concentrate on even mundane daily tasks. Being around your social circle and continuously watching people smoke can be very challenging. Not to mention, the time you spent smoking everyday is left blank, like breaks and after meals. These are the times when smokers are highly tempted to go back to smoking. Here, vaping can be your blessing in disguise. So how do you go about it? It can be frightening to make the big switch, so here's an easy guide on how to cut back on, and quit, smoking through Vaping.

Why Vaping: The first thing to do is convince yourself that vaping is better than smoking. The process of vaping doesn't involve burning of tobacco; hence there is no tar, arsenic or other heavy metals involved. Studies have shown that e-cigarette vapor contain 9-450 times lower toxins than cigarette smoke. Since there is no ash or offensive smell, you can be assured of a less unpleasant experience and lesser social stigma. E-cigarettes give you the feel of an actual cigarette so you can easily get into vaping, slowly reduce the amount of smoking and completely replace it eventually.

How E-Cigarettes Work: There are two types of E-Cigarettes available; refillable and disposable. You can get them from convenience stores near you or you can also buy them online. The vaping unit will be made up of a device called atomizer which heats up the e-liquid. It is powered by a battery and it uses a coil for the heating process. You will need to fill in e-liquid as per your use and requirements. Once the e-liquid is heated, the device will release dense and flavorful vapor. Devices To Consider: When you set out to vape, you need to choose between the different types of devices available. Beginners can pick a starter kit, which is easy to use and does not require too much maintenance.

These kits usually include clearomizers/cartomizers/atomizers and batteries along with accessories. Their prices start at around $15 and will go up as per the features. Next you need to select E-Juices according to your taste and preferences. They are available in a variety of flavors ranging from traditional tobacco and menthol to banana bread and cotton candy. A small bottle of e-liquid (15ml) is available for around $9. Once you have got the hang of vaping, you can upgrade your kits and experiment with the different types of devices available. These include larger batteries, bigger tanks for the e-juice etc.

Start Vaping! : For starters, you can get E-Liquid that is nicotine based, say around 15 mg levels. Gradually decrease the levels of nicotine and eventually you can use E-Liquid that is non-nicotine based. This way, you can shake off your addiction to nicotine too, through vaping. When you begin with vaping, you may feel a little uncomfortable or odd with the entire experience. But in the long run, you can surely shake of the smoking habit and replace it with vaping.

It's high time you quit smoking. Make the right choice and be smoke free!

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  • 4753Article ID :
  • Preetam ChoudharyOwner :
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  • August 26, 2015Date Added :
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