CATEGORIES

TODAY IN HISTORY

    TODAY IN HISTORY
    February 19, 0 - USA

    1881 - Kansas becomes 1st state to prohibit all alcoholic beverages. 1913 - 1st prize inserted into a Cracker Jack box. 1965 - Rod Stewart and his group The Soul Agents played their first major gig at a club in the London Borough of Harrow. 1985 - Cherry Coke was introduced by the Coca-Cola Company.

    LESCHI, A NISQUALLY AMERICAN INDIAN
    February 19, 0 - USA

    Feb 19, Leschi, a Nisqually American Indian leader from the Puget Sound region, was hanged a mile east of Fort Steilacoom. On June 10, 1857, he had been convicted of the murder of Abrams Moses, and was sentenced to hang. Appeals to the Supreme Court delayed the initial hanging. In 2004 seven judges at a Historical Court of Inquiry and Justice unanimously decided that regardless of who shot Moses, “The killing was a legitimate act of war, immune from prosecution.” Consequently, Leschi was declared “exonerated” of Abrams Moses’ murder. In 2011 Richard Kluger authored “The Bitter Waters of Medicine Creek: A Tragic Clash Between White and Native America.”

MEMBER LOGIN

RANDOM QUOTES

  • No Man is Above the Law
    by Theodore Roosevelt

    "..."No man is above the law and no man is below it; nor do we ask any man's permission when we require him to obey it. Obedience to the law is demanded as a right; not asked as a favor."..."
  • Science Investigates
    by Martin Luther King, Jr

    "...Science investigates; religion interprets. Science gives man knowledge, which is power; religion gives man wisdom, which is control. Science deals mainly with facts; religion deals mainly with values. The two are not rivals. They are complementary...."

RANDOM FACTS

  • Drug Abuse
    about Facts about Drugs

    Facts about drugs can protect against drug abuse. Legal drugs, such as alcohol and tobacco, kill more people than illegal drugs. Tobacco (smoking cigarettes) kills more people than any other drug. Illegal drugs including heroin, cannabis, ecstasy and amphetamines can have unknown or dangerous ingredients. Mixing drugs, especially with alcohol, can be fatal. The White House
    about Valerie Jarrett

    The White House has been on the defensive recently over its claim, repeated numerous times over the years, that under President Barack Obama's health care law, if you like your health plan, you can keep it. White House senior adviser Valerie Jarrett tweeted that "nothing in Obamacare forces people out of their health plans." We checked to see if that's right.

The River Thames - A Brief History :

Choose Your Color :

ARTICLE INFORMATION :

The course of the River Thames as we know it today was created about 10,000 years ago, by melt water from the ice-sheets that covered much of the United Kingdom during the last ice-age...

ARTICLE CONTENT :

Photo by B. L. Chant - courtesy of GateUK.com The course of the River Thames as we know it today was created about 10,000 years ago, by melt water from the ice-sheets that covered much of the United Kingdom during the last ice-age. In fact, The Thames marks the point at where the ice sheets stopped and the temperate climate began. Prior to the ice-age, the Thames was actually a tributary of the River now known as The Rhine in Germany as The United Kingdom was not an Island separated from Europe at that time.

The Thames valley was first settled around 400,000 years ago, but it was not until the Roman Empire invaded Britain in the year 43, that the area then called Londinium, was first transformed into a permanent settlement. The Romans discovered that by using the natural tidal pattern of the River, they could get their ships 80 kilometres inland without using any effort.Photo by B. L. Chant - courtesy og GateUK.com

Although Londinium was not an ideal place for a settlement, due to the soft marshland surrounding the River Thames, it quickly became the hub of Roman life in Britain. The Romans were quick to capitalise on the River Thames and recognised it\'s use as a major shipping route into the heart of England and eventually London developed into a major inland port.

After a fire swept through Londinium, all but destroying the entire settlement, the Romans abandoned the area and soon after the Empire fell.

The area was soon to be settled again and was quickly established as England\'s capital city with the River proving to be both strategic in defence and providing a natural way for goods to be imported into and out of London.

London soon flourished and by the Victorian era (circa 1880), the Thames had become the busiest inland port in the world, importing spices from the Far East and tobacco from the America\'s. In fact, the Thames was so busy that the Victorians created vast docks inside the city itself, many of which remain today, although they are now used mainly for leisure purposes.
Photo by B. L. Chant - courtesy of GateUK.com
Following the success of the Victorians in using the River Thames for trade and industry, the river soon became severely polluted and became devoid of all life. In fact, the river had always been used as dumping ground. The Romans had used it as a landfill site throwing all manner of rubbish into the River. Up until Victorian engineers created the first sewers in the world, the river was also used as a means of disposing of human waste!

During the Second World War, The River Thames again proved to be both problematic for Londoners and also a saviour. The German Luftwaffe could easily navigate their bombers into the heart of London just by literally flying along the East Coast of Britain and turning left as soon as they were over the Thames estuary. Once they had followed the course of the river, it was easy for them to identify the centre of London due to unique buildings that had been erected following the success of the Victorians 60 years earlier! However, the Thames provided much needed water to put out the flames of the Blitz on London that came from the skies day after day after day.Photo by B. L. Chant - courtesy of GateUk.com

Today, the river is largely unnatural due to artificial banks running along many kilometres of its path. The marshlands that the Romans first settled on will eventually be London\'s nemesis, due to the fact that London is in fact sinking, albeit very slowly, while the tides that affect the Thames\' flow gradually get stronger due to sea level rises. To combat this, a movable barrier to protect London from flooding was built in the 1980\'s. In the first years of use, the Thames Barrier was used very occasionally, but it is being used much more often and most experts agree that in several years it will not be able to protect London from Flooding.

ARTICLE SPONSOR :

  • GateUK
    GateUK is a gateway to United Kingdom business and resources.

DEEP LINKS & SUB-PAGES :

ARTICLE STATISTICS :

  • 4144Article ID :
  • BruceOwner :
  • Featured Articles / LifetimeArticle Type
  • November 28, 2014Date Added :
  • NeverExpires :
  • 0Average User Rating :
  • 0Total User Votes :
  • 0Reviews :

RATE ARTICLE :

Please rate this link article.
You must be logged in to be able to rate an article.

USER COMMENTS :

No user reviews have yet been made or approved for this article.

You must be logged in to be able to leave a comment.